Mental Health Services

Most people access mental health services through their general practitioner or primary care provider. However, some people who are seriously affected by their illness can contact or be referred to a specialist mental health service provided by Canberra Health Services.

Mental illness includes many disorders that can vary from mild to severe. If your mental illness affects your everyday life, we offer a range of services to help you get the care and support you need.

Our services are open to everyone and are provided within hospital and community settings. We also have specialised services to help you access individual care that suits your condition.

Our services focus on recovery and are led by the following principles:

  • individual development and growth to support a sense of hope and optimism
  • recognising that each recovery journey is an individual experience
  • promoting inclusion, equality and collaboration
  • acknowledging people as experts in their own experience
  • understanding that empowerment is key to wellness and recovery.

If you need support and assistance for mental health care, please call Access Mental Health on 1800 629 354 or 02 6205 1065.

Access Mental Health

Access Mental Health is the central point of entry to access mental health services and are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. They will provide immediate help if you or someone you care about is experiencing a mental health crisis.

In the event of an immediate, life-threatening situation for yourself or anyone else, please always call ‘000’ emergency services first.

Community teams

Adult Community Mental Health Teams

There are five adult community mental health teams that are located throughout Canberra in the major town centres of Belconnen, City, Gungahlin, Woden and Tuggeranong. These multidisciplinary teams include doctors, nurses and other health care professionals. They provide services for people experiencing mental health issues, including:

  • mental health assessment
  • mental health treatment
  • clinical management
  • crisis management
  • family support
  • referral pathways.

Accessing the service

You can access the service by calling Access Mental Health on 1800 629 354 or 02 6205 1065.  You may also be referred to the service by a family member, GP or a community organisation.

Adult Community Mental Health Teams

Operating hours

Monday to Friday 8.30am - 5pm.

Contact details

Belconnen Mental Health Team
02 5124 4294
Belconnen Community Health Centre, 56 Lathlain St, Belconnen ACT 2617

City Mental Health Team
02 5124 1795
City Community Health Centre, 1 Moore Street Canberra City ACT 2600 (on the corner of Moore Street and Alinga Street)

Tuggeranong Mental Health Team
02 5124 1300
Tuggeranong Community Health Centre, 147 Anketell Street, Greenway ACT 2900 (on the corner of Anketell Street and Pitman Streets in the Tuggeranong shopping district)

Woden Mental Health Team
02 5124 1269
Phillip Community Health Centre, Level 1 Corner Keltie and Corinna Streets, Woden ACT 2606

Gungahlin Mental Health Team
02 5124 4294
Gungahlin Community Health Centre, Ernest Cavanaugh Street, Gungahlin ACT 2912

Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services Community Teams

The Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) Community Teams provide assessment and treatment for children and young people who are experiencing moderate to severe mental health difficulties. This service is available for children under 18 years of age.

Referral

CAMHS can be contacted by phoning CAMHS North Reception 02 5124 1407 or CAMHS South Reception on 02 5124 3133 between 8.30am and 4.30pm, Monday to Friday.  All calls outside of these hours will be automatically diverted to Access Mental Health.  All referrals received are processed by the relevant CAMHS Community Team Duty Officer.

It is important to note that CAMHS does not provide services to children and young people whose primary presentation is disruptive behaviour disorders, such as Autism Spectrum Disorder, Attention Deficit Disorder or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. 

Contact details

CAMHS North
02 5124 1407
Belconnen Community Health Centre, 56 Lathlain Street, Belconnen

CAMHS South
02 5124 3133
Callam offices, Easty Street, Woden

Older Persons Mental Health Community Team

The Older Persons Mental Health Community Team (OPMHCT) provides mental health assessment and care to people over the age of 65 years, with mental illness and issues of ageing e.g. dementia. A multidisciplinary team provides care and support to people with complex co-morbidities of mental and physical health conditions. The team also provides support to carers and family members.

The OPMHCT also has an Intensive Treatment Service which provides intensive care to people who have recently been discharged from hospital or who are living in the community but require extra clinical support.

Accessing the service

Referrals received from GPs, family members, Residential Aged Care facilities, Rehab and Community Care.

Contact details

02 6205 1957
Calvary Hospital, Corner Belconnen Way and Haydon Drive, Bruce ACT 2617

Inpatient units

Mental Health Short Stay Unit

The Mental Health Short Say Unit (MHSSU) provides a safe environment if you are experiencing a mental health crisis. Admissions are for a maximum of 48 hours and may be voluntary or involuntary.

The MHSSU contains six beds and is located adjacent to the emergency department at the Canberra Hospital.

Accessing the service

You may be admitted to this unit if you come to the emergency department and may be experiencing a mental health crisis. We will generally admit you if health professionals need more time to assess your condition.

Visiting hours

Monday to Friday: 12.30pm – 1.30pm and 4pm – 8pm.

Contact details

02 6174 5670 - Canberra Hospital, Building 3

Adult Mental Health Unit

The Adult Mental Health Unit (AMHU) provides a safe and supportive environment if you are receiving care for acute mental illness or disorder.  The unit provides short term individualised care which supports you to safely return back to your community.

Located at the Canberra Hospital, the purpose built facility contains 37 beds and offers a range of amenities including individual rooms, a gymnasium and spiritual room.

Accessing the service

You may be admitted to this unit if you come to the emergency department and may be experiencing a mental health crisis. We will generally admit you if health professionals need more time to assess your condition.

Admission to the unit may be voluntary or involuntary.

Visiting hours

Monday to Friday: 12.30pm – 1.30pm and 4pm – 8pm

Weekends and public holidays: 9am – 8pm

Contact details

02 6174 5454 - Canberra Hospital, Building 25

Adult Mental Health Rehabilitation Unit

The Adult Mental Health Rehabilitation Unit (AMHRU) is a specialist mental health rehabilitation unit located at the University of Canberra Hospital. The unit provides care and support for people with a primary diagnosis of mental illness who require a longer hospital stay between 3 and 12 months to complete a rehabilitation program.

AMHRU provides care 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The unit provides individual and group therapy and support designed to enhance your quality of life and improve your capacity to live in the community.

Accessing the service

You need a referral to access AMHRU. Referrals are accepted for people already receiving treatment through mental health services in the ACT and who have an allocated mental health Clinical Manager or through your GP. Detailed clinical information will be required as part of the referral process.

There is no financial cost to people staying at AMHRU.

Contact details

University Canberra Hospital, 20 Guraguma Street Bruce ACT 2617

02 5124 0220

Adult Mental Health Day Service

The Adult Mental Health Day Service (AMHDS) is a free day program that helps people in their mental health recovery journey. There are a variety of programs available if you are experiencing moderate or severe mental illness. Each program is designed to enhance your quality of life and improve your capacity to live in the community. These programs include:

  • psycho education
  • living skills program
  • individual psychotherapy
  • group psychotherapy.

Accessing the service

Referrals for this service are only accepted for people currently receiving treatment from Mental Health teams in the ACT.

Contact details

02 5124 0150

University Canberra Hospital, 20 Guraguma Street Bruce ACT 2617

Dhulwa Secure Mental Health Unit

Dhulwa is a secure forensic mental health unit located adjacent to a nature reserve in Symonston. The unit provides 24 hour care for patients in a secure, structured and safe environment. The facility includes both acute and rehabilitation mental health programs.

People are generally admitted to the unit from the criminal justice system under the Mental Health Act 2015. A small group of people may be admitted from other mental health services under the Mental Health Act 2015.

Visitor information

You must make an appointment to visit a patient at Dhulwa. Visitors are required to provide 100 points of identification and must register on the biometric security system before entering the unit for the first time.

Contact details

02 5124 1851

30 Mugga Lane, Symonston ACT 2609

Extended Care Unit

The Extended Care Unit is located within the Brian Hennessy Rehabilitation Centre on the grounds of Calvary Hospital, Bruce.

The unit provides medium term, residential care for people with complex and long lasting mental health issues. Treatment and care is provided in a safe but homely environment with access to occupational, vocational and recreational facilities. The unit helps patients to transition from more secure mental health settings into the community. 

Visitor information

Monday to Friday: 3pm - 5pm and 6pm - 8pm
Saturday and Sunday: 10am - 8pm

Mental Health Consultation Liaison

The Mental Health Consultation Liaison Service (MHCL) provides mental health services to patients at the Canberra Hospital. These services are delivered by a multidisciplinary team made up of doctors and other health professionals.

This team performs specialist mental health assessments and provides treatment to hospital patients on medical wards. They work with other medical staff who are caring for you to make sure all parts of your care work well together.

The team responds to referrals from medical/surgical, obstetric wards and the emergency department. The role of the team is to provide a timely response to referrals and to provide access for people to mental health services.

Accessing the service

All people seen by the team are done so on a referral basis from clinicians at the Canberra Hospital. People referred to the MHCL must be under the care and treatment of an existing Canberra Hospital treating team.

Contact details

02 5124 0000 - Canberra Hospital

Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service Hospital Liaison Team

The Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service (CAMHS) Hospital Liaison Team provide assessment from 8.30am – 5pm, 7 days a week for young people presenting in crisis to the Canberra Hospital emergency department (ED).

CAMHS Hospital Liaison Team clinicians provide an initial consultation and face-to-face assessment in conjunction with the ED treating team.

Accessing the service

All people seen by the team are done so on a referral basis from clinicians at the Canberra Hospital. People referred to the team must be under the care and treatment of an existing Canberra Hospital treating team.

Contact details

02 5124 0000 - Canberra Hospital

Calvary Mental Health Consultation Liaison Service

The Mental Health Consultation Liaison Service provides mental health services to patients at Calvary Hospital. These services are delivered by a multidisciplinary team made up of doctors and other health professionals.

This team performs specialist mental health assessments and provides treatment to hospital patients. They work with other medical staff who are caring for you to make sure all parts of your care work well together.

Accessing the service

All people seen by the team are done so on a referral basis from clinicians at the Calvary Hospital. People referred to the team must be under the care and treatment of an existing Calvary Hospital treating team.

Contact details

02 6201 6020

Assertive Community Outreach Service

The Assertive Community Outreach Service (ACOS) supports people who are 18 or older, who have been diagnosed with a mental illness such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or bipolar disorder whom:

  • have not had much improvement from previous mental health treatments
  • have had to stay in hospital often or for a long time because of a mental illness
  • need extra support because of homelessness, drug and alcohol issues, history of trauma, and/or legal issues
  • have had difficulty connecting with mental health services in the past
  • would benefit from frequent and intensive mental health follow-up in the community.

Accessing the services

To be referred, you must already be registered with mental health services in the ACT. Your mental health clinical manager may refer you to this program if they believe it is right for you.  If you are new to the service contact Access Mental Health on 1800 629 354 or 02 6205 1065 to discuss the options available to you.

Contact

Access Mental Health - 1800 629 354 or 02 6205 1065

CAMHS Adolescent Mobile Outreach Service

The Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) Adolescent Mobile Outreach Service provides intensive mobile outreach for adolescents aged 13 – 18 years with a moderate to severe mental illness who experience barriers to accessing mainstream mental health services. 

Accessing the service

Referral to CAMHS Adolescent Mobile Outreach Service is through the CAMHS Community (North and South) Teams.

Contact details

CAMHS North: 02 5124 1407
Belconnen Community Centre, 56 Lathlain Street Belconnen
CAMHS South: 02 5124 3133
Callam Offices, Easty Street, Woden

Home Assessment and Acute Response Team

The Home Assessment and Acute Response Team (HAART) offer a free service to all residents of the ACT who are experiencing an acute exacerbation of a mental illness and/or severe psychological or emotional distress. HAART provides home based mental health crisis assessment, short term treatment and support, and referral pathways for ongoing hospital and community care.

Accessing the services

Referrals to HAART are accepted through Access Mental Health.

Contact

Phone: 1800 629 354 (free call except from mobiles)

Phone: 02 6205 1065

Specialist Youth Mental Health Outreach Team

The Specialist Youth Mental Health Outreach Team provides care to young people aged 14-25 who are experiencing early onset psychosis or are at a high risk of developing psychosis.

Accessing the service

You can contact CAMHS Community Teams who can refer you to the Specialist Youth Mental Health Outreach Team, as appropriate.

Contact details

02 5124 1469

Access Mental Health can be contacted for young people aged 18-25 and who can refer to Specialist Youth Mental Health Outreach, as appropriate.

Contact details

1800 629 354 or 02 6205 1065

Callam Offices, Easty Street, Woden

Mental health services – internal referral required

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Liaison Officers

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Liaison Officers (ALOs) are available to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples from the ACT that are accessing or needing to access mental health, justice health, or alcohol and drug services within Canberra Health Services. ALOs work closely with health professionals within these services, as well as staff in community organisations, such as Winnunga Nimmityjah, Gugan Gulwan, and other agencies to support your ongoing health needs.

ALOs work collaboratively with your treating team to support you and your family/carers. This support may include:

  • providing emotional, wellbeing, social and cultural support to you and your family
  • supporting Women’s/Men’s Business
  • providing you with information and connecting you with relevant Canberra Health Services and/or community services
  • being a liaison between the mental health/justice health/alcohol and drug services and you and your family
  • supporting ward or community day program groups and activities.

Accessing the service

You don’t need a referral to access this service. Ask to speak to an ALO whenever you use a mental health, justice health, or alcohol and drug service. Our ALOs visit a number of our services, including:

  • Adult Mental Health Unit at Canberra Hospital
  • Adult Community Mental Health Teams
  • Alcohol & Drug Services at Building 7 at Canberra Hospital
  • Alcohol & Drug Services Counselling and Treatment Service
  • Child and Adolescent Mental Health Teams 
  • Adult Mental Health Rehabilitation Unit at University of Canberra Hospital
  • Adult Mental Health Day Service at University of Canberra Hospital
  • Dhulwa Mental Health Unit
  • Alexander Maconochie Centre
  • Bimberi Youth Detention Centre.

The ALOs also provide outreach to relevant community organisations.

You can also access an ALO by calling 02 5124 1739 during business hours and asking to be directed to an ALO.

Operating hours

Monday to Friday: 8:30am – 4.51pm

Contact details

02 5124 1739

Aboriginal Mental Health Nurse

The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Mental Health nurse is based at the Winnunga Nimmityjah Aboriginal Health Service and provides services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who are not currently receiving support from mainstream mental health services. The nurse provides mental health assessment and community support. This service is available to people in the Canberra region however the nurse does not travel outside the ACT.

Accessing the service

The mental health nurse can be contacted by calling Winnunga on 02 6284 6222.

Contact details

02 6284 6222

Winnunga Nimmityjah Aboriginal Health and Community Services
63 Boolimba Crescent, Narrabundah ACT 2604

 

Childhood Early Intervention Team

The Childhood Early Intervention Team operates in partnership with ACT Education and Training Directorate. This program is an early intervention program run in primary schools and focuses on the early identification and treatment of primary school children who are at high risk of developing a mental illness through provision of group work interventions with some individual/family work.

CAMHS Childhood Early Intervention Team (EDT) does not accept direct referrals.  All referrals are negotiated with the EDT and service provision provided within identified schools.

 

Children of Parents with a Mental Illness

The Children of Parents with a Mental Illness (CoPMI) program supports families affected by mental illness. This nationwide initiative aims to better manage the effects of mental illness on the family unit.

The ACT CoPMI Clinician works in partnership with the adult mental health clinicians to improve outcomes for the people registered with this service.

Accessing the service

You need a referral form an ACT mental health clinician to access this service. If you are new to the service contact Access Mental Health on 1800 629 354 or 02 6205 1065 to discuss the options available to you.

 

The Cottage Adolescent Day Program

The Cottage is a therapeutic day program for young people aged between 12 and 18 years with mental health issues that are impacting on their capacity to attend and engage in education.

Adolescent Day Program provides a therapeutic and education program to young people in a safe and supportive environment. The program runs over ten weeks, designed to coincide with the school term. The Cottages program has a recovery focus and aims to:

  • reduce the severity of mental health symptoms
  • improve schooling
  • improve social functioning
  • foster life skills.

The goal of the Cottage is to support young people to return to education or vocational programs so they can continue with their studies or work towards employment opportunities. 

The Cottage runs 4 days per week and offers education sessions, therapeutic group programs and individual therapy sessions.  The duration of this program is generally one to two school terms depending on the identified level of need. 

Access the service

To access the Cottage program the young person must be a current client of CAMHS, enrolled at school, aged 12-18 years and reside in the ACT.  Referrals to the Cottage are facilitated through the young person’s CAMHS Clinical Manager.

Contact details

02 5124 1880

Eating Disorders Program

The Eating Disorders Program provides assessment and treatment to people with an eating disorder. Referrals must come from a GP only and an eating disorder must be the primary diagnosis.   

The Eating Disorder Program is a community-based program and is run by a multidisciplinary team.

The program offers:

  • family based therapy programs
  • group work
  • Dietician consultations.

Accessing the service

GP referral is mandatory to access this service.

Operating hours

Monday to Friday: 8.30am – 4.51pm (excluding public holidays).

Contact details

02 5124 1235

Phillip Community Health Centre, Cnr Keltie and Corinna Streets, Woden ACT 2606

Forensic Mental Health Service

The Forensic Mental Health Service provides assessment and intervention for people with a mental illness who have, or are at risk of, committing a criminal offence.

There are four separate teams:

  • Forensic Community Outreach Service
  • Forensic Court Assessment and Liaison Service
  • Forensic Mental Health Services at the Alexander Maconochie Centre (AMC)
  • Forensic Mental Health Bimberi Youth Detention Centre (BYDC)

Forensic Services is multidisciplinary service, with people having access to forensic psychiatrists, nurses, social workers, occupational therapists and psychologists.

Accessing the service

People in custody can self-refer or can be referred by a family member or a government or professional service. To access the Forensic Community Outreach Service a person needs to be referred by a community mental health team. ACT Courts and community mental health teams are able to refer to the Forensic Court Assessment and Liaison Service.

Contact details

02 6124 1813

Mental Health Service for People with Intellectual Disability

The Mental Health Service for People with Intellectual Disability is a consultation liaison service that provides assessment and treatment to people with a known or suspected intellectual disability and a known or suspected mental illness/disorder including Autism Spectrum Disorder.

The team provides consultation liaison, mental health expertise, in services, education and training to:

  • GPs and specialist medical teams
  • treating therapists/ practitioners
  • families and carers
  • support persons
  • schools
  • NDIS
  • other mental health teams
  • other relevant agencies.

Accessing the service

Agencies and service providers listed above can make a referral to the team. A referral form can be obtained by contacting the team during business hours.

Contact details

02 5124 1144

Gungahlin Community Health Centre, 57 Ernest Cavanagh St, Gungahlin ACT 2912 (On the corner of Ernest Cavanagh Street and Fussell Lane)

Mental Health Neuropsychology

The Mental Health Neuropsychology team is a specialised mental health service that provides comprehensive neuropsychology assessments and consultation to people currently registered with mental health teams in the ACT.

A neuropsychology assessment looks at a range of mental abilities such as:

  • memory
  • attention
  • planning
  • reasoning
  • processing speed
  • general intelligence.

These assessments can be used to help with diagnosis, understanding personal strengths and weaknesses and treatment planning.

Accessing the service

You need a referral from your treating psychiatrist to access this service. Referrals for neuropsychological assessments are only accepted for people currently receiving treatment from mental health services in the ACT.

Contact details

02 6205 1488

Woden Community Health Centre, Cnr Keltie and Corinna Streets, Woden ACT 2606

Perinatal Mental Health Consultation Service

The Perinatal Mental Health Consultation Service is a specialist service focusing on the mental health of pregnant and postnatal women, up to 12 months postpartum.  This is an early intervention service which provides psychiatric assessment, mother and infant attachment support and consultation with other services including GP’s, other mental health teams and maternity services. 

Accessing the service

You need a referral from your GP, mental health team, Maternal and Child Health (MACH) service or other health provider to access this service.

For access to a referral form, please contact the service directly.

Contact details

02 5124 3133

Callam offices, Easty Street, Woden

Therapies Team

The Therapies Team is a therapeutic intervention service for people who are currently registered with a Community Mental Health Team. Priority is given to people who will benefit from a therapy which cannot be easily accessed within the community.

Accessing the services

To be referred, you must already be registered with mental health services in the ACT. Your mental health clinical manager may refer you to this program if they believe it is right for you. 

Contact

If you are new to the service contact Access Mental Health on 1800 629 354 or 02 6205 1065 to discuss the options available to you.

Supported accommodation

Adult Step Up Step Down Program

The Adult Step Up Step Down (ASUSD) program provides psychosocial support programs for people with a mental illness. Support may be provided in a residential setting where the person stays at the facility, or in their home or community.

The program aims to stop you from relapsing and help you recover if you have experienced an acute episode of mental illness. People ‘step up’ from the community into a highly supportive environment. They then ‘step down’ from the hospital setting to have an easier, supported transition back to their home.

ASUSD is managed in partnership with Wellways who provide residential support, and Woden Community Services Transition to Recovery who provide support in the person’s home.

Accessing the services

You need a referral to access this program.

To be referred, you must already be registered with a mental health service in the ACT. Your mental health clinical manager may refer you to this program if they believe it is right for you.

If you are new to the service contact Access Mental Health on 1800 629 354 or 02 6205 1065 to discuss the options available to you.

Contact details

02 6245 6400

 

Supporting Young People Through Early Intervention and Prevention Strategies

Supporting Young People Through Early Intervention Prevention Strategies (STEPS) is a 24 hour residential facility in partnership with Catholic Care.  This program supports young people aged 13-17 years with deteriorating mental health. It aims to prevent hospital admissions and supports young people to re-engage with community, school and education following an acute hospital admission. 

Accessing the service

STEPS does not accept external referrals, all referrals are facilitated through the Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service (CAMHS) Community Teams.

Contact details

02 6205 1971

Youth Step Up Step Down Program

The Youth Step Up Step Down (YSUSD) program is a 24 hour residential facility in partnership with Wellways.  This program supports young adults aged 18-25 years with deteriorating mental health. The program aims to prevent hospital admissions and supports young adults to re-engage with community, school and education following acute hospital admissions.

Young people ‘step up’ from the community into a highly supportive environment to prevent further illness, and ‘step down’ from the hospital setting to have an easier, supported transition back to their home.

Accessing the service

This service does not accept external referrals, all referrals are facilitated through the Adult Mental Health Community Teams.

Contact details

02 6205 1971

Mental health services at Calvary Hospital

Ward 2N

Ward 2N is an adult mental health unit in Calvary Hospital Bruce. The ward provides acute and sub-acute care if you are experiencing mental illness.

Accessing the service

Patients are generally admitted to Ward 2N after presenting at the emergency department at Calvary Hospital or Canberra Hospital.

Contact details

02 6201 6320

Fax: 02 6201 6011

Calvary Hospital, corner Belconnen Way and Haydon Drive, Bruce ACT 2617

Older Persons Mental Health Inpatient Unit

The Older Persons Mental Health Inpatient Unit provides care and treatment to older people experiencing mental illness. Patients admitted to the unit are generally aged 65 and over, who may be experiencing psychiatric, emotional or behavioural disturbance.

Referral

Access to this unit is by referral only.

You may be referred by staff at an emergency department, your treating community mental health team, the Access Mental Health team, your GP, another hospital or a psychiatrist.

Contact details

02 6264 7000

Fax: 02 6201 6011

Calvary Hospital, Corner Belconnen Way and Haydon Drive, Bruce ACT 2617

Hyson Green

Hyson Green is a private mental health facility at Calvary Private Hospital which offers voluntary mental health services that provide support, education, understanding, skill development and self-management.

Hyson Green offers both residential and day programs. These programs are designed to help you before you get to a stage where you need to go to hospital.

Accessing the service

You need a referral from a GP or specialist.

Fees apply.

Contact details

02 6201 6000

Calvary Hospital, Haydon Drive, Bruce 2617

Southside Step Up Step Down residential facility

A Step Up Step Down service provides short term residential treatment, care and support for people with a mental illness – to prevent an acute hospital admission or to assist people to transition more gradually from hospital back into their usual home environment.

Canberra has a number of Step Up Step Down services already operating in the community for people who need some short term additional support that cannot otherwise be provided in their homes.

Canberra Health Services is planning to redevelop existing ACT Government Buildings in Gaunt Place, Garran (near the Canberra Hospital) to provide a new service for Adults aged 18 to 65 years.

For more information, please contact HIS@act.gov.au

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Page last updated on: 28 Jun 2019