See these recent publications from the Trauma and Orthopaedic Unit.
Fisher L, Srikusalanukul, W., Fisher, A., Smith, P. Liver Function Parameters in Hip Fracture Patients: Relations to Age, Adipokines, Comorbidities and Outcomes. International Journal of Medical Sciences. 2015.
Fisher AA, Martin, J., Srikusalanukul, W., Smith, P.N. Hip Fracture After Stroke in the Elderly: Trends in the Beginning of the 21st Century and Projections into the Future in Australia. Clinical Medicine Insights: Geriatrics. 2014 2014(7):14.
Littleton SM, Hughes DC, Poustie SJ, Robinson BJ, Neeman T, P.N. S, et al. An early intervention programme had no detectable influence on the health status of people with muscloskeletal injuries following road traffic crashes: Comparative Study Injury. 2014 January 2014;45(1):304-11.
Fisher A, Srikusalanukul W, Davis M, Smith P. Cardiovascular diseases in older patients with osteoporotic hip fracture: prevalence, disturbances in mineral and bone metabolism, and bidirectional links. Clinical Interventions in Aging. 2013;8:239-56.
Fox MJ, Scarvell JM, Smith PN, Kalyanasundaram S, Stachurski ZH. Lateral drill holes decrease strength of the femur: an observational study using finite element and experimental analyses. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research. 2013 Aug 30;8(1):29.
Scarvell JM, Van Twest MS, Stanton SF, Burski G, Smith PN. Prevalence of undisclosed osteoporosis in patients with minimal trauma fractures: a prospective cohort study. The Physician and Sports Medicine. 2013 May;41(2):38-43.
Fisher A, Srikusalanukul W, Davis M, Smith P. Poststroke hip fracture: prevalence, clinical characteristics, mineral-bone metabolism, outcomes, and gaps in prevention. Stroke research and treatment. 2013;2013.
Littleton SM, Hughes DC, Poustie SJ, Robinson BJ, Neeman T, Smith PN, et al. The influence of fault on health in the immediate post-crash period following road traffic crashes. Injury. 2012 Mar 29;43(9):1586-92.
Fisher AA, Srikusalanukul W, Davis MW, Smith PN. Clinical profiles and risk factors for outcomes in older patients with cervical and trochanteric hip fracture: similarities and differences. Journal of Trauma Management & Outcomes. 2012; 6(2).
Van Twest M, Scarvell J, Smith P. Preventing the Second Fracture: Diagnosis and Management of Osteoporous in Patients Attending Fracture Clinic. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume. 2012;94-B(XXIII):226.
Littleton SM, Hughes DC, Poustie SJ, Robinson BJ, T. N, Smith PN, et al. An early intervention programme had no detectable influence on the health status of people with musculoskeletal injuries following road traffic crashes: Comparative study. Injury. 2012;45:304-11.
Yang YL, Fu BS, Li RW, Smith PN, Mu WD, Li LX, et al. Anterior single screw fixation of odontoid fracture with intraoperative iso-C 3-dimensional imaging. European Spine Journal. 2011 Nov;20(11):1899-907.
Littleton SM, Cameron ID, Poustie SJ, Hughes DC, Robinson BJ, Neeman T, et al. The association of compensation on longer term health status for people with musculoskeletal injuries following road traffic crashes: emergency department inception cohort study. Injury. 2011 Sep;42(9):927-33.
Fisher A, Srikusalanukul W, Davis M, Smith P. Hip fracture type: important role of parathyroid hormone (PTH) response to hypovitaminosis D. Bone. 2010 Aug;47(2):400-7.
Fisher A, Davis M, Smith P. Undertreatment of osteoporosis following hip fracture. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery - American Volume. 2003;85-A(7):1394-5, author reply 5-6.
Erak S, Pelletier MH, Woods KR, Smith PN, Walsh WR. Acromioclavicular reconstructions with hamstring tendon grafts: a comparative biomechanical study. Journal of Shoulder & Elbow Surgery. 2008 Sep-Oct;17(5):772-8.
Fisher A, Southcott E, Goh S, Srikusalanukul W, Hickman P, Davis M, et al. Elevated Serum Cardiac troponin I in older patients with hip fracture: incidence and prognostic significance. Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery. 2008;128(10):1073-9.
Smith P, Perriman D, Sample R, Gissane J, Li R. A Method of Monitoring and Controlling Intramedullary Pressure Increase during Long Bone Instrumentation. . Injury Extra. 2007;38(422-426).
Fisher A, Southcott E, Srikusalanukul W, Davis M, Hickman P, Potter J, et al. Relationships between Myocardial Injury, All-cause Mortality, Vitamin D, PTH, and Biochemical Bone Turnover Markers in Older Patients with Hip Fractures. Annals of Clinical & Laboratory Science. 2007;37:222-32.
Fisher A, Davis M, Rubenach S, Sivakumaran S, Smith P, Budge M. Outcomes for older patients with hip fractures: the impact of orthopaedic and geriatric medicine co-care. Journal of Orthopaedics and Trauma. 2006;20(3):172-8.
Smith PN, Leditschke A, McMahon D, Sample RR, Perriman D, Prins A, et al. Monitoring and controlling intramedullary pressure increase in long bone instrumentation: a study on sheep. Journal of Orthopaedic Research. 2008 Oct;26(10):1327-33.
Knee Arthroplasty/Sports (Kinematics, Outcomes, Implant Wear, Surgical Procedure)
Serpell BG, Scarvell JM, Pickering MR, Ball NB, Newman P, Perriman D, et al. Medial and lateral hamstrings and quadriceps co-activation affects knee joint kinematics and ACL elongation: a pilot study. BMC musculoskeletal disorders. 2015;16:348.
Akter M, Lambert, A.J., Pickering, M.R., Scarvell, J.M. & P.N. Smith. Robust initialisation for single-plane 3D CT to 2D fluoroscopy image registration. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering: Imaging & Visualization. 2015;3(3):147-71.
Haque MN, Pickering, M.R., Muhit, A.A., Frater, M.R., Scarvell, J.M. & Smith, P.N. A fast and robust technique for 3D–2D registration of CT to single plane X-ray fluoroscopy. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering: Imaging & Visualization. 2014;2(2).
Serpell BG, Scarvell JM, Ball NB, Smith PN. Vertical stiffness and muscle strain in professional Australian football. Journal of sports sciences. 2014 Dec;32(20):1924-30.
Serpell BG, Ball NB, Scarvell JM, Buttfield A, Smith PN. Muscle pre-activation strategies play a role in modulating Kvert for change of direction manoeuvres: an observational study. Journal of electromyography and kinesiology : official journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology. 2014 Oct;24(5):704-10.
Opar DA, Serpell BG. Is there a potential relationship between prior hamstring strain injury and increased risk for future anterior cruciate ligament injury? Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014 Feb;95(2):401-5.
Lui Y, Warner JA, Gladkis LG, Scarvell J, Smith P, Timmers H. Microscratching Characterization of the Wear-in of UHMW Polyethylene in Prostheses. Tribology Letters. 2013;49(2):439-50.
Abdullah M, Pickering M, Scarvell J, Ward T, Smith P. Image-addisted non-invasive and dynamic biomechanical analysis of human joints. Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2013;58:4679-702.
Chandrasekaran S, Scarvell JM, Buirski G, Woods KR, Smith PN. Magnetic resonance imaging study of alteration of tibiofemoral joint articulation after posterior cruciate ligament injury. The Knee. 2012 Jan;19(1):60-4.
Chandrasekaran S, Scarvell J, Buirski G, Woods K, Smith P. Sagittal plane articulation of the contralateral knee of subjects with posterior cruciate ligament deficiency: an observational study. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research. 2012;7:12-8.
Serpell BG, Scarvell JM, Ball NB, Smith PN. Mechanisms and risk factors for noncontact ACL injury in age mature athletes who engage in field or court sports: a summary of the literature since 1980. Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association. 2012 Nov;26(11):3160-76.
Serpell BG, Ball NB, Scarvell JM, Smith PN. A review of models of vertical, leg, and knee stiffness in adults for running, jumping or hopping tasks. Journal of sports sciences. 2012;30(13):1347-63.
Warner JA, Gladkis LG, Timmers H, Scarvell J, Smith P. Demonstration of a New Technique Using Radioisotope Tracers to Measure the Backside Wear Rate on Tibial Inserts. Tribology Letters. 2012;46(2):139-45.
Ward TR, Burns AW, Gillespie MJ, Scarvell JM, Smith PN. Bicruciate-stabilised total knee replacements produce more normal sagittal plane kinematics than posterior-stabilised designs. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume. 2011 Jul;93(7):907-13.
Gladkis L, Timmers H, Scarvell J, Smith P. Detailed three-dimensional size and shape characterisation of UHMWPE wear debris. Wear. 2011;270:455-63.
Warner JA, Gladkis LG, Timmers H. A new radioisotope tracing method of UHMWPE wear particle dispersion using 97Ru. Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials. 2011 Jul;4(5):776-84.
Haque M, Pickering M, Biswas M, Frater M, Scarvell J, Smith P. A Computationally Efficient Approach for 2D-3D Image Registration. IEEE Transactions in Medicine, Biology and Society. 2010;2010:6268-71.
Muhit A, Pickering M, Ward T, Scarvell J, Smith P. A Comparison of the 3D Kinematic Measurements Obtained by Single-Plane 2D-3D Image Registration and RSA. IEEE Transactions in Medicine, Biology and Society. 2010 31/08/10- 4/09/10:6288-91.
Scarvell J, Pickering M, Smith P. New registration algorithm for determining 3D knee kinematics using CT and single-plane fluoroscopy with improved out-of-plane translation accuracy. Journal of Orthopaedic Research. 2010 Mar;28(3):334-40.
Warner JA, Gladkis LG, Geruschke T, Vianden P, Smith PN, Scarvell JM, et al. Tracing wear debris pathways via ion-implanted Indium-111 . Wear. 2010;268(11-12):1257-65.
Policinski I, Smith P. A severe exacerbation of Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy - post total knee replacement. Journal of Orthopaedics. 2010;6(2):e12.
Pickering M, Muhit A, Scarvell J, Smith P. A new multi-model similarity measure for fast gradient-based 2D-3D image registration. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2009:5821-4, PMID: 19965251.
Pickering M, Scarvell J, Smith P. An Improved CT to Fluoroscopy Registration Algorithm for the Kinematic Analysis of Knee Joints. 16th International Conference on Digital Signal Processing (DSP) 2009;15016:1-6.
Gladkis L, Li R, Scarvell J, Smith P, Timmers H. Exploration of the size, shape and abundance of UHMWPE wear particles using atomic force microscopy. Wear. 2009;267:632-8.
Gladkis L, Haberska L, Smith P, Scarvell J, Timmers H. Radioisotope labelling of knee implant wear. Journal of the Australian Ceramics Society. 2007 Jul 2007;43(2):175-8.
Scarvell J, Smith P, Refshauge K, Galloway H. Magnetic resonance imaging analysis of kinematics in osteoarthritic knees. Journal of Arthroplasty. 2007;22(3):383-93.
Scarvell J, Smith P, Refshauge K, Galloway H, Woods K. Does knee reconstruction restore normal knee kinematics? A prospective MRI analysis over two years. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery - British Volume. 2006;88-B(3):324-30.
Scarvell J, Smith P, Refshauge K, Galloway H, Woods K. Association between abnormal kinematics and degenerative change in knees of people with chronic anterior cruciate ligament deficiency: a magnetic resonance imaging study. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy. 2005;51(4):233-40.
Scarvell J, Smith P, Refshauge K, Galloway H, Woods K. Comparison of kinematics in the healthy and ACL injured knee using MRI. Journal of Biomechanics. 2005 Feb;38(2):255-62.
Scarvell J, Smith P, Refshauge K, Galloway H, Woods K. Comparison of kinematic analysis by mapping tibiofemoral contact with movement of the femoral condylar centres in healthy and anterior cruciate ligament injured knees. Journal of Orthopaedic Research. 2004 Sep;22(5):955-62.
Scarvell J, Smith P, Refshauge K, Galloway H, Woods K. Evaluation of a method to map tibiofemoral contact points in the normal knee using MRI. Journal of Orthopaedic Research. 2004 Jul;22(4):788-93.
Smith P, Parker D, Gelinas J, Rorabeck C, Bourne R. Radiographic changes involving the patella following quadriceps turndown for revision total knee arthroplasty. Journal of Arthroplasty. 2004;19(6):714-9.
Smith P, Refshauge K, Scarvell J. Developments in the concepts of knee kinematics. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. 2003;84(12):1895-902.
Kaper BP, Smith PN, Bourne RB, Rorabeck CH, Robertson D. Medium-term results of a mobile bearing total knee replacement. Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research. 1999 Oct(367):201-9.
Smith PN, Gelinas J, Kennedy K, Thain L, Rorabeck CH, Bourne RB. Popliteal vessels in knee surgery. A magnetic resonance imaging study. Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research. 1999 Oct(367):158-64.
Smith P, Gelinas J, Thain L, Rorabeck C, Bourne R. Kinematics of the knee - an in vivo MRI study. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery - British Volume. 1999 ;81(supplement 1):19.
Barrack R, Smith P, Munn B, Engh G, Rorabeck C. The Ranawat Award. Comparison of surgical approaches in total knee arthroplasty. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 1998;356:16-21.
Rorabeck CH, Smith PN. Results of revision total knee arthroplasty in the face of significant bone deficiency. The Orthopedic clinics of North America. 1998 Apr;29(2):361-71.
Smith PN, Rampersaud R, Rorabeck CH. Incipient compartment syndrome of the thigh following total knee arthroplasty. Journal of Arthroplasty. 1997 Oct;12(7):835-8.
Inflammatory Joint Disease
Chen W, Foo SS, Li RW, Smith PN, Mahalingam S. Osteoblasts from osteoarthritis patients show enhanced to Ross River virus infection associated with delayed type I interferon responses. Virology journal. 2014 Nov 19;11(1):189.
Chen W, Foo SS, Rulli NE, Taylor A, Sheng KC, Herrero LJ, et al. Arthritogenic alphaviral infection perturbs osteoblast function and triggers pathologic bone loss. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2014 Apr 22;111(16):6040-5.
Gunn B, Morrison T, Whitmore AC, Blevins L, Hueston L, Frase I, et al. Mannose Binding Lectin is Required for Alphavirus-induced Arthritis/myositis. PLoS Pathogens. 2012;8(3):e1002586.
Noret M, Herrero L, Rulli N, Rolph M, Smith PN, Li RW, et al. Interleukin 6, RANKL, and osteoprotegerin expression by chikungunya virus-infected human osteoblasts. The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2012 Aug 1;206(3):455-7: 7-9.
Scarvell J, Elkins M. Aerobic exercise is beneficial for people with rheumatoid arthritis. Review of Baillet et al 2011. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2011;45(12):1008-9.
Li R, Freeman C, Yu D, Hindmarsh E, Tymms K, Parish C, et al. Dramatic Regulation of Heparanase Activity and Angiogenesis Gene Expression in Synovium From Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis. . Arthritis and Rheumatism 2008;58(6):1590-600.
Lidbury B, Rulli N, Suhrbier A, Smith P, McColl S, Cunningham A, et al. Macrophage-Derived Proinflammatory Factors Contribute to the Development of Arthritis and Myositis after Infection with an Arthrogenic Alphavirus. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2008;197(11):1585-93.
Morrison T, Fraser R, Smith P, Mahalingam S, Heise M. Complement contributes to inflammatory tissue destruction in a mouse model of Ross River virus-induced disease. . Journal of Virology. 2007;81(10):5132-43.
Hip Arthroplasty and Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome
Kingston MJ, Perriman DM, Neeman T, PN S, AL W. Contrast agent comparison for three-dimensional micro-CT angiography: A cadaveric study. Contrast Media Mol Imaging. 2016.
Fearon AM, Ganderton C, Scarvell JM, Smith PN, Neeman T, Nash C, et al. Development and validation of a VISA tendinopathy questionnaire for greater trochanteric pain syndrome, the VISA-G. Manual therapy. 2015 Apr 2.
Fearon AM, Twin J, Dahlstrom JE, Cook JL, Cormick W, Smith PN, et al. Increased substance P expression in the trochanteric bursa of patients with greater trochanteric pain syndrome. Rheumatol Int. 2014 Feb 23.
Fearon AM, Cook JL, Scarvell JM, Neeman T, Cormick W, Smith PN. Greater trochanteric pain syndrome negatively affects work, physical activity and quality of life: a case control study. J Arthroplasty. 2014 Feb;29(2):383-6.
Au J, Perriman, D. & Smith, P.N. Standing or supine x-rays after Total Hip Replacement - When is the safe zone not safe? Hip International. 2014;24(6):616-23.
Owen DH, Russell NC, Smith PN, Walter WL. An estimation of the incidence of squeaking and revision surgery for squeaking in ceramic-on-ceramic total hip replacement: a meta-analysis and report from the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Registry. Bone and Joint Journal. 2014 Feb;96-B(2):181-7.
Griffin AR, Perriman DM, Bolton CJ, Smith PN. An in vivo comparison of the orientation of the transverse acetabular ligament and the acetabulum. Journal of Arthroplasty. 2014 Mar;29(3):574-9.
Fearon A, Dahlstrom JE, Twin J, Cook J, Scott A. The Bonar score revisited: Region of evaluation significantly influences the standardized assessment of tendon degeneration. Journal of science and medicine in sport / Sports Medicine Australia. 2014 Jul;17(4):346-50.
Fearon AM, Scarvell JM, Neeman T, Cook JL, Cormick W, Smith PN. Greater trochanteric pain syndrome: defining the clinical syndrome. Br J Sports Med. 2013 Jul;47(10):649-53.
Coulter CL, Scarvell JM, Neeman TM, Smith PN. Physiotherapist-directed rehabilitation exercises in the outpatient or home setting improve strength, gait speed and cadence after elective total hip replacement: a systematic review. Journal of physiotherapy. 2013 Dec;59(4):219-26.
Fearon A, Stephens S, Cook J, Smith P, Neeman T, Cormick W, et al. The relationship of femoral neck shaft angle and adiposity to greater trochanteric pain syndrome in women. A case control morphology and anthropometric study. Br J Sports Med. 2012 Sep;46(12):888-92.
Fearon AM, Twin J, Dahlstrom JE, Cook JL, Cormick W, Scott A, et al. Inter-adipose septa in bursa stroma may explain ultrasound reports of bursa thickening. European Journal of Pain Supplements. 2011 September 2011;5(1):30.
Fearon AM, Scarvell JM, Cook JL, Neeman T, Smith PN. Greater trochanteric pain syndrome is as painful and functionally debilitating as osteoarthritis of the hip. A prospective controlled study. European Journal of Pain Supplements. 2011 September 5(1):39.
Fearon A, Scarvell J, Cook J, Neeman T, Smith P. Greator trochanteric pain syndrome is as painful and functionally debilitating as AO of the hip, a prospective controlled study. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume. 2011;In Press.
Fearon A, Cook J, Scarvell J, Cormick W, Smith P. Greater trochanteric pain syndrome is not a benign condition to be ignored. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2010;13 (S1):65.
Fearon A, Scarvell J, Cook J, Smith P. Does Ultrasound Correlate with Surgical or Histologic Findings in Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome? A Pilot Study Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 2010;468(7):1838.
Fearon A, Smith P, Dear K, Scarvell J. Minimum one year outcomes and satisfaction following gluteal tendon reconstruction. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume. 2010;92-B(188):HP31.
Fearon AM, Scarvell JM, Cook JL, Smith PN. Does ultrasound correlate with surgical or histologic findings in greater trochanteric pain syndrome? A pilot study. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2010 Jul;468(7):1838-44.
Stephens S, Fearon A, Smith P, Scarvell J. Greater trochanteric pain syndrome and pelvic morphology. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery. 2010;80(S1):A56.
Smith P, Taylor R, Ling R. The Influence of Weight Bearing on the Measurement of Polyethylene Wear in Total Hip Arthroplasty. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume. 1999;81B:259-65.
Smith PN, Gie GA. Avulsion fracture of the ischium following complex total hip arthroplasty: an unusual cause of hip pain. Journal of Arthroplasty. 1998 Aug;13(5):603-6.
Cahill J, Shadbolt B, Scarvell J, Smith P. Quality of life after infection in total joint replacement. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery. 2008 Apr;16(1):58-65.
Coulter C, Weber J, Scarvell J. Group physiotherapy provides similar outcomes for participants after joint replacement surgery as one to one physiotherapy: a sequential cohort study. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2009 October 2009;90(10):1727-33.
Smith P, Terweil E, Cahill J, Scarvell J. A cost-benefit analysis of infection prophylaxis in total joint arthroplasty. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume. 2004;86-B, SUPP_IV:465-6.
Bone Formation and Loss
Ding Y, Li R, Nakai M, Majumdar M, Zhang D, Niinomi M, et al. Osteoanabolic Implant Materials for Orthopedic Treatment. Advanced Healthcare Materials. 2016:13.
Li RW, Kirkland NT, Truong J, Wang J, Smith PN, Birbilis N, et al. The influence of biodegradable magnesium alloys on the osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells. Journal of biomedical materials research Part A. 2014 Dec;102(12):4346-57.
Chen XB, Nisbet DR, Li RW, Smith PN, Abbott TB, Easton MA, et al. Controlling initial biodegradation of magnesium by a biocompatible strontium phosphate conversion coating. Acta Biomater. 2014 Mar;10(3):1463-74.
Pal N, Quah B, Smith PN, Gladkis LL, Timmers H, Li RW. Nano-osteoimmunology as an important consideration in the design of future implants. Acta Biomater. 2011 Jul;7(7):2926-34.
Smith P, Freeman C, Yu D, Chen M, Gatenby P, Parish C, et al. Heparanase in human primary osteoblasts. Journal of Orthopaedic Research 2010;28(10):1315-22.
Perriman DM, Scarvell JM, Hughes AR, Lueck CJ, Neeman TM, Ashman B, et al. Movement Frequency of the Thoracic Spine - Implications for Thoracic Disc Degeneration. Global Spine Journal. 2012;2(Supplement 1):S60-S1.
Perriman DM, Scarvell JM, Hughes AR, Lueck CJ, Dear KB, Smith PN. Thoracic hyperkyphosis: a survey of Australian physiotherapists. Physiotherapy research international: the journal for researchers and clinicians in physical therapy. 2012 Sep;17(3):167-78.
Perriman DM, Scarvell JM, Waddington GS, Lueck CJ, Hughes AR, Neeman TM, et al. Ultrasound assessment of the anatomical validity of T3 and L4 as sEMG recording sites. Journal of Biomechanics. 2011 Apr 7;44(6):1025-30.
Perriman DM, Scarvell JM, Hughes AR, Lueck CJ, Dear KB, Smith PN. Thoracic Hyperkyphosis: A Survey of Australian Physiotherapists. Physiotherapy Research International. 2011 Dec 30.
Perriman D, Scarvell J, Hughes A, Neeman T, Lueck CJ, Smith P. A randomised controlled trial of strengthening versus postural re-education for age-related thoracic hyperkyphosis. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, British Volume 2011;94((SUPP XLI)):49-.
Perriman DM, Scarvell JM, Hughes AR, Ashman B, Lueck CJ, Smith PN. Validation of the flexible electrogoniometer for measuring thoracic kyphosis. Spine. 2010 Jun 15;35(14):E633-40.
Trauma & Orthopaedic Research Unit
Building 6, Level 1
The Canberra Hospital
PO Box 11
Woden, ACT, 2606
Tel: +61 (0)2 6244 3858
Fax: +61 (0)2 6205 2157